21st Annual International Conference on Politics & International Studies
|1||Israeli-Turkish Relationship: The Regional Dimension|
Academic Responsible: Dr. Orna Almog, Deputy Head, Politics & International Affairs Unit, ATINER & Senior Lecturer (Retired), Kingston University, UK.
The aim of this symposium is to analyse and discuss the nature of Turkish-Israeli relations since 2019 against the wider background of regional and national developments.
Ever since the 2010 Mavi Marmara incident, the relations between the two parties were identified by suspicion, mistrust and ‘bad blood’. While Turkey’s quest for growing leadership role in the region failed, Israel’s regional position has improved dramatically. It further solidified relations with Greece and Cyprus and increased cooperation with Egypt and Jordan. Furthermore, thanks to US’s initiative, Israel signed the ‘Abrahams accords ‘; the peace agreements with the UAR and Bahrain in the summer of 2020 followed by the peace treaties with Sudan and Morocco in autumn- winter 2020.
Some of the maim questions to be addressed are – what the main reasons behind Erdogan’s policy change towards Israel and neighbouring countries? How central is the Iranian question to the improvement of the relations? What are the main obstacles to rebuilding an open trustworthy relation between Israel and Turkey? What, if at all, are the implications of closer relations with Ankara on Israel’s relations with Cyprus and Greece? Do we witness a new dawn in Turkish-Israeli relations? And could the war in Ukraine and the countries’ similar dilemmas vis- a-vis Russia contribute to a better future understanding.
Abstract Submitting Form
|2||Latin America Democracy and Politics|
Dr. Raquel de Caria Patrício, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor, University of Lisbon, Portugal.
Considering the transformations Latin American countries have been living since the beginning of the XXI century, according to which elections follows one to another as well as subversive processes, it is of extreme importance and relevance to reflect on the Latin American democratic and political processes throughout a symposium dedicated to the issue. Indeed, if in 2011 the left turn was in full swing, during 2010 and 2018 the number of democracies with left wing presidents could be counted in one hand. Moreover, from 2018/2019 onwards it has been witnessed to a different phenomenon in Latin America. The right-wing governments that appeared so powerful seem now to be giving their places to left-wing governments. Or, in other words, it seems that exists both right-wing and left-wing governments with a predominance of these last ones. This means that from 2018/2019 onwards there is a cohabitation in the region with right-wing and left-wing governments, with a possible new turn to the left. In this sense, another possibility is that the region is experiencing a less ideologically coherent anti-incumbent turn (Loxton, 2021, p. xi), whose one of the characteristics if the populism.
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